Childhood Music Lessons Benefit Cognitive Function in Old Age, Study Finds


8/23/20232 min read

Childhood Music Lessons Benefit Cognitive Function in Old Age, Study Finds
Childhood Music Lessons Benefit Cognitive Function in Old Age, Study Finds


Playing a musical instrument during childhood may have lasting mental benefits in later years, suggests a new study published in the journal Psychology and Aging. The research indicates that individuals with musical experience tend to perform slightly better on cognitive ability tests compared to those who did not play an instrument. These findings highlight the potential positive impact of music on cognitive performance throughout life.

The Study and Findings:

Funded by Age UK and the Economic and Social Research Council, the study examined 420 participants born in 1936 in the Edinburgh and Lothian areas of Scotland. Among these individuals, 167 had some experience playing a musical instrument, primarily the piano, during their childhood or teenage years. Remarkably, 39 participants were still actively engaged in playing an instrument at 82 years old.

Over a span of twelve years, participants were subjected to cognitive ability tests every three years between the ages of 70 and 82. Researchers from the University of Edinburgh and Edinburgh Napier University found that those with musical experience exhibited slightly better results in tests measuring processing speed and visuospatial reasoning.

Lead author Dr. Judith Okely of Edinburgh Napier University emphasized that these findings serve as a starting point for further investigations into the potential contributions of musical experiences to healthy aging. Notably, the association between music and cognitive function remained significant even after considering factors such as childhood intelligence, education levels, smoking habits, and physical activity levels.

Potential Benefits and Explanations:

While the exact mechanisms behind this link are not yet fully understood, it is believed that activities associated with playing a musical instrument, such as reading sheet music and coordinating hand movements, can strengthen neural connections and overall brain function. The study's authors suggest that these mental exercises could contribute to enhanced cognitive abilities later in life.

Further Research and Volunteer Opportunities:

It is important to conduct additional research to establish the reasons underlying these improvements in cognitive function and to explore potential long-term benefits. Researchers are keen to investigate other musical experiences, such as listening to music and singing, to gain a comprehensive understanding of music's effects on cognitive well-being.

The study encourages individuals aged 18 and above to join a volunteer database for future research purposes. Researchers are particularly interested in hearing from retired individuals with diverse musical experiences, including singing, dancing, performing, teaching, and listening to music.


The study's findings offer valuable insights into the potential cognitive benefits associated with early musical training. Engaging in musical activities during childhood appears to have a positive impact on cognitive function in old age, highlighting the importance of incorporating music education and experiences into early life. Further studies in this area could help unlock the full potential of music in promoting healthy aging and cognitive well-being.